raise1 W1S2 [reız] v [T]
1¦(move higher)¦
3¦(collect money)¦
5¦(start a subject)¦
6¦(cause a reaction)¦
7¦(move eyes or face)¦
8¦(move upright)¦
10 raise a smile
11¦(animals or plants)¦
12¦(collect people)¦
13 raise your eyebrows
14 raise eyebrows
15 raise your voice
16 raise your glass
17 raise the alarm
18 raise the spectre of something
19 raise its (ugly) head
20¦(card game)¦
21 raise hell
22 raise hell/Cain
23 raise the roof
24¦(speak to somebody)¦
25¦(wake somebody)¦
26¦(dead person)¦
27 raise a siege/embargo
29 raise 2/4/10 etc to the power of 2/3/4 etc
[Date: 1100-1200; : Old Norse; Origin: reisa]
to move or lift something to a higher position, place, or level
Can you raise the torch so I can see?
William raised his hat and smiled at her.
Raise your hand if you know the right answer.
2.) ¦(INCREASE)¦
to increase an amount, number, or level
≠ ↑lower
Many shops have raised their prices.
The university is working to raise the number of students from state schools.
a campaign to raise awareness of meningitis
Dr Hayward intends to raise the museum's profile (=make it more well-known) .
to collect money that you can use to do a particular job or help people
The Trust hopes to raise $1 million to buy land.
They are raising funds to help needy youngsters.
a concert to raise money for charity
4.) ¦(IMPROVE)¦
to improve the quality or standard of something
Changing the law cannot raise standards.
The team need to raise their game.
to begin to talk or write about a subject that you want to be considered or a question that you think should be answered
= ↑bring up
He did not raise the subject again.
I'd like to raise the issue of publicity.
Betty raised the important question of who will be in charge.
to cause a particular emotion or reaction
This attack raises fears of increased violence against foreigners.
The way the research was carried out raises doubts about the results.
to move your eyes, head, or face so that you are looking up
≠ ↑lower
Albert raised his eyes and stared at Ruth.
'No,' he said without raising his head.
8.) ¦(MOVE UPRIGHT)¦ also raise up
to move or lift yourself into an upright position
≠ ↑lower raise yourself
Adele raised herself from the pillows.
He raised himself up on one elbow to watch.
9.) ¦(CHILDREN)¦
especially AmE to look after your children and help them grow
British Equivalent: bring up
Stan's dad died, leaving his mother to raise three sons alone.
It was time for Dean to settle down and raise a family .
Anne married a Jew, despite being raised a Catholic.
The new generation was the first to be raised on processed food.
Camus was born and raised in Algeria.
10.) raise a smile
to smile when you are not feeling happy, or to make someone smile when they are not feeling happy
I couldn't raise a smile.
to look after animals or grow plants so that they can be sold or used as food
He raised cattle in Nebraska when he was young.
Jim retired to raise raspberries.
to collect together a large group of people, especially soldiers
The rebels quickly raised an army.
13.) raise your eyebrows
to show surprise, doubt, disapproval etc by moving your ↑eyebrows upwards
Blanche raised her eyebrows in surprise.
14.) raise eyebrows
if something raises eyebrows, it surprises people
The band's new sound will raise some eyebrows.
15.) raise your voice
to speak loudly or shout because you are angry
He's never raised his voice to me.
I could hear raised voices in the next room.
16.) raise your glass
spoken to celebrate someone's happiness or success by holding up your glass and drinking from it
Ladies and gentlemen, will you raise your glasses to the bride and groom.
17.) raise the alarm
British English to warn people about a danger so that they can take action
Sam stayed with his injured friend while a passing motorist raised the alarm.
18.) raise the spectre of sth
literary to make people feel afraid that something frightening might soon happen
The violence has raised the spectre of civil war.
19.) raise its (ugly) head
if a question or problem raises its head, it appears and has to be dealt with
Another problem then raised its ugly head.
20.)¦(CARD GAME)¦
to make a higher ↑bid than an opponent in a card game
I'll raise you $100.
21.) raise hell informal
to complain in a very angry way about something you think is not acceptable
I'll raise hell with whoever is responsible for this mess.
22.) raise hell/Cain
especially AmE to behave in a wild, noisy way that upsets other people
The kids next door were raising hell last night.
23.) raise the roof
to make a very loud noise when singing, celebrating etc
to speak to someone on a piece of radio equipment
= ↑contact, get ↑get
They finally managed to raise him at Miller's sheep farm.
literary to wake someone who is difficult to wake
Try as he might he could not raise her.
26.) ¦(DEAD PERSON)¦
old use to make someone who has died live again
Jesus raised Lazarus from the grave.
27.) raise a siege/embargo
formal to allow goods to go in and out of a place again after they have been stopped by force or by a law
28.) ¦(BUILD)¦
formal to build something such as a ↑monument
= ↑erect
29.) raise 2/4/10 etc to the power of 2/3/4 etc
technical to multiply a number by itself a particular number of times
2 raised to the power of 3 is 8.
WORD CHOICE: raise, rise
When raise is a verb, it must have an object. It is a fairly formal way to say 'lift something up' or 'move something up' : Raise your right hand. | He raised the box above his head.
It is not formal when it means 'make something increase' : We will have to raise our fees.
When rise is a verb, it does not have an object. It is a fairly formal way to say 'move up' : Smoke rose into the sky. It is also a formal way to say 'get up' or 'stand up', used mainly in literary writing |He rose to greet me.
It is not formal when it means 'increase' : Prices are rising rapidly.
In British English, raise is never a noun. Use rise : He asked for a pay rise. | There has been a rise in unemployment.
In American English, a raise is an increase in pay : She offered me a raise.
raise 2
raise2 n
AmE an increase in the money you earn
British Equivalent: rise

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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